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Does the Bible Say There Will Be a Jewish State and a Palestinian State?

“Advance into the hill country of the Amorites; go to all the neighboring peoples in the Arabah, in the mountains, in the western foothills, in the Negev and along the coast, to the land of the Canaanites and to Lebanon, as far as the great river, the Euphrates.  See, I have given you this land.  Go in and take possession of the land the Lord swore He would give to your fathers—to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob—and to their descendants after them.’”  (Deuteronomy 1:6–8)

According to Palestinian propaganda, the Jewish People invaded Palestine, and ethnically cleansed the land of its original inhabitants.  So today, in various media, Israel is represented as an occupying force.

Many would like to deny the Jewish People their right to live in their Biblical homeland, even though the historical record is clear that although a great number of the Jewish People were enslaved and sent into exile when the Jewish Temple was destroyed by the Romans in AD 68, a remnant of the Jewish People have since lived in the Holy Land.

Bewildering and contradictory arguments have left many Christians wondering, “Is the Land of Israel for the Jews or is it for the Palestinians?”


Today in Israel, the streets are shared by Jews, Christians, Muslims and other religions.  The Arab world, however, would like to destroy Israel by flooding it with the approximately five million descendants of the Palestinians who for a variety of reasons, left Israel in 1948.  This would surely result in a land that is hostile to both Jews and Christians, as well as people of other faiths.

As bewildering and complex as it may seem, there is a clear answer.

The Bible tells us that the Land of Israel and its boundaries arise from a covenant that God made with Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and their descendants—the Jewish People.

In that Abrahamic Covenant, God describes the land that was occupied by ten people groups and that geographically extended from the “Wadi of Egypt” to the Euphrates as the inheritance of the Jewish People.

“On that day the Lord made a covenant with Abram and said, ‘To your descendants I give this land, from the Wadi of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates—the land of the Kenites, Kenizzites, Kadmonites, Hittites, Perizzites, Rephaites, Amorites, Canaanites, Girgashites and Jebusites.’”  (Genesis 15:18– 21, see also Deuteronomy 1:6–8 above, Exodus 32:13 and 33:1)

Declaration-State of Israel-May 14, 1948-David Ben-Gurion

David Ben-Gurion publicly pronounced the Declaration of the State of Israel on May 14, 1948.

On the heels of the Holocaust and a UN resolution—on May 14, 1948, David Ben-Gurion who later became the first Prime Minister of Israel proclaimed “the establishment of a Jewish state in Eretz-Israel, to be known as the State of Israel.”

Today, this official use of the term Eretz-Israel (literally, Land of Israel) is a reference to the covenant that the God of Israel made with Abraham and the descendants of Isaac and Jacob.

It also underscores the fact that the new Jewish State was established on only a portion of the land which God promised the Jewish People, according to the expansive borders mentioned in Deuteronomy 1:6–8, Genesis 15: 18–21, Exodus 23:31.

Map-British-mandate-Palestine-Transjordan-Jewish State

The British Mandate for Palestine administered territory that had formally belonged to the Ottoman Empire, which had controlled the Middle East since the 16th century.  In 1917, it was declared that a national home for the Jewish People would be made in Palestine.  Later, the area east of the Jordan was illegally separated, and Jews were forbidden to settle on about 77% of Palestine, while Arab settlement was unrestricted.  In 1946, Transjordan (Jordan) became an independent nation, and in 1947, the Jewish People were offered about 18% of the area of Palestine.  Although the Jewish People accepted it gratefully, the Arab world rejected it.

The Origin of the Term “Palestine”

“I will establish your borders from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea, and from the desert to the Euphrates River.  I will give into your hands the people who live in the land, and you will drive them out before you.”  (Exodus 23:31)

Under the British Mandate after World War I, the British controlled an area of the Ottoman Empire that was divided into two sections—the land west of the Jordan and the land east of the Jordan (Transjordan).  The British called the land west of the Jordan River “Palestine.”

In fact, Jews who were born during the Mandate have birth certificates stating that they were born in “Palestine.”  Historically speaking, the term “Palestinian” applied to anyone living in the area, including Jewish people.

Kingdoms-Israel Map-Philistine states

States adjacent to the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah, with the Philistine states in red on the left.

The historic reference to the term “Palestine” goes back as far as Herodotus, the 5th century BC Greek scholar who mentioned in The Histories a “district of Syria, called Palaistine.”

The land of the Phylistiim is also mentioned in the Septuagint, the second century BC Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible.  Phylistiim means Philistia, the southwest portion of Israel peopled by the Philistines.

Although the ancient Philistines were neither Semites nor Arabs, but Indo-Europeans, the modern usage of the terms “Palestine” and “Palestinian” is generally linked with these Biblical names of Philistia and Philistine.

The term Palestine only came into use to identify the whole of Israel after AD 135 when the Roman Emperor Hadrian defeated the Jewish zealots in their second revolt (Bar Kokhba Revolt).

Hadrian imposed this term to humiliate the Jewish People by naming the Land after Israel’s enemy and to negate any connection between the Jewish People and their Promised Land.

Sadly, this led to the whole land being called Palestine even though the name was originally associated with only the small area of Philistia within the land of Canaan, which came to be Israel.

Kotel-Western Wall-Israel flag-crowds

The Western (Wailing) Wall in Jerusalem is a remnant of the wall that surrounded the Jewish Temple’s courtyard.  Because of its physical connection to the Temple, it’s traditional for the Jewish People to come here to pray.

Political Battle Over Judea Samaria and the West Bank in the State of Israel

“‘For I will take you out of the nations; I will gather you from all the countries and bring you back into your own land.”  (Ezekiel 36:24)

Following the establishment of the State of Israel, the Israeli government continued to use the term Eretz Israel to maintain the historic link with God’s promises to His Chosen People Israel.

In 1951 and 1952, Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion twice highlighted that the Jewish state was created “in a part of our small country” and “in only a portion of the Land of Israel” in official state documents (State of Israel, Government Yearbook, 5712, 5713).

In 1955, he emphasized that “the creation of the new State by no means derogates from the scope of historic Eretz Israel.”  (State of Israel, Government Yearbook, 5716)

From the beginnings of the state, Herut (Freedom), Israel’s major right-wing party, had been the political party that gave the greatest support to land policies linked to the Biblical promises.

David Ben-Gurion-Prime Minister-20th Century-Jewish State

David Ben-Gurion served as Israel’s first Prime Minister from May 17, 1948 until January 26, 1954.  He resigned in 1954 and served as Minister of Defense.  He returned to office in 1955, and served as Prime Minister until 1963.  Time Magazine posthumously named him one of the 100 Most Important People of the 20th Century.

The Herut party was founded by Menachem Begin as a successor to the Irgun, a militant paramilitary group that functioned in Mandate Palestine.

Later, Herut was joined by Gush Emunim (Bloc [of the] faithful), a messianic political movement committed to the establishment of settlements in the so-called West Bank (Biblical Judea and Samaria).

Both parties firmly supported the belief that the land acquired by Israel during the Six Day War in 1967 is part of Eretz Israel, and therefore belongs to the Jewish people.

They claimed that for ideological and religious reasons, Judea and Samaria are rightly a part of Israel, and should therefore be annexed permanently to the State.

Today, the Gush Emunim party no longer officially exists, and Herut has merged with the center-right Likud party.  Furthermore, there is a wonderful diversity of opinion that is freely expressed in the political sphere.

While former left leaning Kadima party leader Tzipi Livni always contended that such territory must be relinquished in exchange for peace with the Palestinians, the ruling Likud supports the existence of Jewish settlements in Judea and Samaria since they consider that territory to be part of the historical-biblical land of Israel.

Israel districts-Map-Judea-Samaria-Settlements-Jewish State

The map on the left shows Israel’s districts, including Judea and Samaria, which are also called the West Bank.  The map on the right shows the settlements in Judea and Samaria.  The major settlements are represented by red dots.

Palestinians Make Unreasonable Demands

“I also established my covenant with them to give them the land of Canaan, where they resided as foreigners.”  (Exodus 6:4)

Meanwhile the so-called “peace process” seems to have come to a standstill as the Palestinians continue to make demands that are unacceptable to Israel, requiring that such demands be accepted prior to their return to the “peace” table.

Those demands include the following: (1) accepting the “pre-1967 borders” as a foundation for a two-state solution, and (2) freezing construction of Jewish homes in East Jerusalem and the settlements.

“We must not be trapped by an illogical and unreasonable demand,” Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu told US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and other congressional leaders during a recent trip to Washington.  “It could put the peace negotiations on hold for another year.  (Haaretz)

Israeli Prime Minister-Benjamin Netanyahu

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu

The Arab world continues to demand the return to Israel of what they claim to be 1948’s “Palestinian refugees,” who are now estimated to be in the millions and growing daily.

However, the Arab world completely disregards how they expelled in 1948 approximately one million Jews living in Arab lands, and the accompanying loss of possessions and property—all of which have never been considered for compensation.

At the same time the leaders of the Hamas party that rules the Gaza Strip continue to call for the destruction of Israel and the death of all Jews.

The only independent country that has ever existed west of the Jordan River is Israel, and Scripture calls Eretz Israel (the Land of Israel) an everlasting possession:

“I will establish my covenant as an everlasting covenant between me and you and your descendants after you for the generations to come, to be your God and the God of your descendants after you.  The whole land of Canaan, where you are now an alien, I will give as an everlasting possession to you and your descendants after you; and I will be their God.”  (Genesis 17:7–8)


Israel is a very small country that is roughly the size of New Jersey in the United States or Vancouver Island in Canada.  This tiny Jewish state is surrounded by a massive sea of 22 Arab countries, and an even vaster sea of Muslim majority countries.  Most of those countries are hostile to the existence of a Jewish state.

Arabs assert that they are the descendants of Abraham through Ishmael, and therefore entitled to the covenant land of Israel, but this is certainly not the case.

Not all Arabs are descendants of Ishmael.  Not all Palestinians are descendants of Ishmael.

Furthermore, even if they were, according to Scripture, Ishmael and Abraham’s other sons were not the heirs of the covenant; Isaac and his descendants were the heirs.

… your wife Sarah will bear you a son, and you will call him Isaac.  I will establish my covenant with him as an everlasting covenant for his descendants after him.  And as for Ishmael, I have heard you:  I will surely bless him; I will make him fruitful and will greatly increase his numbers.  He will be the father of twelve rulers, and I will make him into a great nation.  But my covenant I will establish with Isaac.  (Genesis 17:19–21)

Abraham left everything he owned to Isaac.  But while he was still living, he gave gifts to the sons of his concubines and sent them away from his son Isaac to the land of the east.  (Genesis 25:5–6)

God gave Ishmael separate promises, and he was sent away from his brother Isaac so they would not share the same land (see Genesis 16:12; Genesis 25:12–18).


A young Israeli wears tefillin (phylacteries) at the Western (Wailing) Wall during prayer.

Today, in fulfillment of Bible prophecy there are almost six million Jewish people living in the Land of Israel!

This is such a wonderful proof that the Word of God and His promises are true and active, and being fulfilled even today, despite intense opposition.

And very soon, we will see the Return of Yeshua the Messiah to Jerusalem.  He will come to His Chosen People Israel, and reveal Himself to the whole world.

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