In the Torah, we see that only the Cohen HaGadol (High Priest) had access once a year on Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) to the very Presence of God in the Kodesh HaKodeshim (Holy of Holies), which was the heart of the Mishkan (Tabernacle) and later the Beit HaMikdash (Temple). To enter in, the Cohen HaGadol would go through the Parokhet (פרוכת / veil or curtain) that separated this holiest of places from the rest of the Temple. The word parokhet is derived from the root perek פרך which can mean to break apart or to fracture, but also rigour and severity.
The Old City of Jerusalem, one of the world's oldest continuously inhabited cities, has been surrounded by walls since ancient times. It has been blockaded, burnt, looted, captured, destroyed and mourned. It also has been prayed for, longed for, rebuilt, rejoiced over, honored and chosen by God as the place for His name to dwell.
During Temple times, music played an essential role in the Temple and was highly developed. Today, music continues to play such a major role in prayer services that a chazzan (cantor) usually leads the congregation in the beautiful, traditional melodic prayers and Bible cantillation (ritual chanting of Bible passages).
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