Parasha Noach (Noah / Rest)
Genesis 6:9–11:32; Isaiah 54:1–55:5; 1 Peter 3:8–22
“This is the account of Noah and his family.” (Genesis 6:9)
In last week’s Torah portion (Parasha), we restarted the cycle of the weekly study of the Word of God from the very beginning with the study by the same name: Bereisheet (In the Beginning).
This week, we continue our study in the first book of Moses with the Biblical character of Noah — the only righteous man of his generation.
“Noah was a righteous man, blameless among the people of his time, and he walked faithfully with God.” (Genesis 6:9)
Noah: A Righteous Man
“The earth also was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence. So God looked upon the earth, and indeed it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted their way on the earth.” (Genesis 6:11–12)
The Hebrew Scriptures describe Noah as tzadik (צַדִּיק righteous) and tamim (תָּמִים pure, innocent, complete and faultless).
Noah stands in contrast to the time in which he lived. Only six chapters into the Bible and the world is already filled with violence and corruption.
God vowed to destroy every person — all except Noah and his family. These eight people would be miraculously saved in an ark that God instructed Noah to build. (1 Peter 3:20)
Noah obeyed God even though he saw no evidence of the coming deluge.
For that reason, the book of Hebrews includes Noah as one of the heroes of our faith:
“By faith Noah, being warned by God about things not yet seen, in reverence prepared an ark for the salvation of his household, by which he condemned the world, and became an heir of the righteousness which is according to faith.” (Hebrews 11:7)
Noah’s absolute faith in God, which resulted in uncompromising obedience, was the reason he was able to truly enter a place of blessed rest.
In fact, the name Noah, or Noach in Hebrew, means rest.
He was not a man who “leaned on his own understanding” of a situation, but trusted wholeheartedly in the Word of the Lord and obeyed.
We will also come to this place of peace and rest when we learn to simply trust and obey God at His Word.
Too often we try to reason everything out and make sure something makes sense or agrees with our theology before complying with God’s commands.
“Let us, therefore, make every effort to enter that rest, so that no one will perish by following their example of disobedience.” (Hebrews 4:11)
The Great Flood
“And I, behold, I do bring the flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of life, from under heaven; everything that is in the earth shall perish.” (Genesis 6:17)
In this Parasha, God instructs Noah to build a huge ark (called a teivah תֵּבָה in Hebrew) capable of holding at least a pair of every kind of animal. A terrible deluge of water is about to come, which would wipe out every living thing on earth except for those saved on the ark.
God’s grief over the corruption of mankind is so intense that He has decided to wipe the slate clean and establish His covenant with Noah:
“I will establish My covenant with you; and you shall enter the ark—you and your sons and your wife, and your sons’ wives with you. And of every living thing of all flesh, you shall bring two of every kind into the ark, to keep them alive with you; they shall be male and female.” (Genesis 6:18–19)
Noah is not a boat builder by trade and the job is no small undertaking.
He is to seal it inside and out with pitch (tar) in order that it will float on the water and keep everything dry within. The boat requires a high standard of craftsmanship, so it seems likely that God gave him a supernatural gifting and impartation of wisdom.
In the ark, Noah is to carry every “kind” of animal with sufficient provisions. Answers in Genesis interprets “kind” to mean that Noah brought two of each “family” of animals.
For example, dogs, coyotes, jackals, and foxes all belong to the Canidae family. So if this theory is true, Noah would have chosen two of these sub-species to represent the Canidae family.
The ark also has to withstand rain for 40 days and 40 nights. And even after the rain stops, another 150 days will pass before the waters recede.
The ark finally comes to rest on Mount Ararat, and Noah devises a method for determining when it is safe to leave the ark by observing the behavior of birds. He sends out a raven that comes back when it finds no place to rest. A week passes and he sends out a dove. It comes back as the raven did.
Later, Noah again sends out a dove, and when it returns with an olive branch, he knows the waters have dried up sufficiently to allow vegetation to begin growing again. Another week passes before Noah sends the dove again. When it doesn’t return at all, he understands it is safe to emerge from the ark.
In a scene reminiscent of Creation, God commands Noah and his family to go out and replenish the earth—to be fruitful and multiply. God again instructs the eating of green herbs and now allows humankind to eat the flesh of animals; nevertheless, God forbids the eating of blood.
God also institutes the death penalty for murder, reminding them that man has
been created in God’s image and, therefore, the life of every human being is very precious. This passage is a reminder to us that when we look at others, we must see them as having been created in the image and likeness of the Almighty God.
“Whoever sheds man’s blood, by man his blood shall be shed; For in the image of God He made man.” (Genesis 9:6)
The Rainbow: the Sign of the Covenant
After Noah and his family emerge from the Ark, they sacrifice to God an offering of the clean animals carried on the Ark for that purpose.
God promises Noah that He will never again curse the earth because of the wickedness of man, and never again destroy every living, breathing creature on earth as He had done in the flood:
“And the Lord smelled a soothing aroma. Then the Lord said in His heart, ‘I will never again curse the ground for man’s sake, although the imagination of man’s heart is evil from his youth; nor will I again destroy every living thing as I have done.’” (Genesis 8:21)
God sets a rainbow in the sky as a sign of the covenant (ot brit / אוֹת בְּרִית) with all people of the earth: “I set My rainbow in the cloud, and it shall be for the sign of the covenant between Me and the earth.” (Genesis 9:13)
This is not the only covenant that God has made. Other covenants were to follow, and each one comes with its own particular sign (ot). The sign of the Abrahamic covenant is circumcision of all male infants on the eighth day.
The sign of the Mosaic covenant is the keeping of the seventh-day Sabbath.
Yeshua said that the great hallmark of faith in Him—of having the Torah written inside our hearts and minds in the Brit Chadashah (New Covenant)—is love:
“By this everyone will know that you are My disciples, if you love one another.” (John 13:35)
The Generational Curse of Ham
After leaving the Ark, Noah plants a vineyard.
Although he is a righteous man, he becomes drunk on wine and is found by his son, Ham, passed out naked in his tent.
Noah blesses two of his sons, Shem and Yafet, because they walk in backwards and cover his nakedness; however, Noah’s son Ham is punished for dishonoring his father.
This is a strong lesson for all of our children. The command to honor our mother and father comes with a promise that we will live a long and blessed life.
“Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be prolonged in the land which the LORD your God gives you.” (Exodus 20:12)
Teaching children to properly respect their parents protects their future.
Although Noah’s entire family is saved physically, each one still has to choose the way of spiritual salvation—a transformation of the heart. Shem and Yafet show a right heart and right spirit, while their brother Ham, shows that his heart needs to be regenerated.
This curse over Ham did not end with him, but carried on down the generations.
One of Ham’s sons was Cush. His son, Nimrod, began the kingdom of Babel (modern day Iraq). Nimrod also built the wicked city of Nineveh, to which God sent Jonah to preach repentance.
We may also unknowingly carry curses upon our lives from generational sins of our family before us.
The atoning blood of Yeshua paid the price for all our sins and has the power to break these curses; however, we must receive, proclaim, and walk in the freedom we have in the Son.
The Tower of Babel was built in the land of Shinar, which is in Babylon (modern Iraq).
In Hebrew, Babel means confusion.
The people of the world unified in their goal of building the tower of Babel, but their motives were founded in control and rebellion against God.
They wanted to control their destiny.
“And they said, ‘Come, let us build ourselves a city, and a tower whose top is in the heavens; let us make a name for ourselves, lest we be scattered abroad over the face of the whole earth.’” (Genesis 11:4)
To save humankind from uniting to do evil, God confuses their language.
“Come, let us go down and confuse their language so they will not understand each other.” (Genesis 11:7)
It is ironic that the very thing they feared, being scattered and divided across all the earth, is exactly what happened to them when they attempted to secure their own future without relying on God.
“So the LORD scattered them abroad from there over the face of all the earth, and they ceased building the city.” (Genesis 11:8)
By examining our motives in everything we do, we can see if we are attempting to be the “master of our own fate” or to “build a name for ourselves” or working to build the Kingdom of God.
All that is built with impure motives will be destroyed on the Day of Judgment.
Still, there is a principle here that we must not miss: when people come into unity of heart, mind and purpose, nothing is impossible for them!
“And the LORD said, ‘Indeed the people are one and they all have one language, and this is what they begin to do; now nothing that they propose to do will be withheld from them.’” (Genesis 11:6)
God Himself acknowledges that such unity is a powerful force.
When we submit to the tactic of divide and conquer, we succumb to weakness and defeat. That is why the enemy of our souls works overtime to cause division in churches, families, and marriages.
It is in unity—rooted in righteousness and Godliness—that God commands His blessing:
“Behold, how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity! … For there the LORD commanded the blessing—Life forevermore.” (Psalm 133:1, 3)
Imagine what Believers can accomplish when they are motivated by love and united in God’s purposes.
The Language of Love
What created such unity among the people of Babel? They all spoke the same language.
The only thing necessary to destroy the entire work of building the Tower of Babel was to disrupt their communication.
But communication is not only based on the language or dialect we speak.
A best-selling book by Gary Chapman called The 5 Love Languages analyzes five different emotional communication preferences that connect people to each other: words of affirmation; acts of service; receiving or giving gifts; quality time; and physical touch.
Understanding these preferences can help us deepen our relationships with others in our homes, work, and daily travels.
Even more so, Believers are to be uniquely connected to each other through God’s love language, which is expressed through one mind, one heart, and one spirit rooted in His Word.
This unity of mind, heart and spirit is expressed in a famous Jewish saying: “May you be covered in the dust of your Rabbi!”
Likewise, those who follow Yeshua (Jesus), walking closely in His footsteps and sitting humbly at His feet, become covered in the dust of His sandals.
Communicating in the unity of God’s love language is one way we can identify those who are covered in the dust of Yeshua and are truly His disciples (talmidim).
This is how we speak God’s love language to others:
We instruct, exhort, rebuke, encourage and respond to others with the fruit of His Spirit—love, joy, peace, forbearance, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness and self-control (Galatians 5:22–23).
And this is how God speaks His love language to Israel: In Isaiah 53, He describes for them their Messiah, who will suffer for and heal them from their sins once and for all.
In the next chapter (the prophetic reading for this Shabbat), He tells them why He loves them so much, even after they have forsaken Him so many times:
“‘For this is like the days of Noah to Me, When I swore that the waters of Noah would not flood the earth again; so I have sworn that I will not be angry with you, nor will I rebuke you.
“For the mountains may be removed and the hills may shake, but My lovingkindness will not be removed from you, and My covenant of peace will not be shaken,’ says the LORD who has compassion on you.” (Isaiah 54:9–10)
God so loved Israel that He sent them a righteous yet suffering servant so that a right relationship with God could be restored and eternal salvation guaranteed to those who follow Yeshua.
While Noah saved himself and his family, Messiah Yeshua is the Saviour of the world.
The Coming Judgment
Just like the flood in the days of Noah, in the end times, judgment will come suddenly (Matthew 24:36–41).
But those who know the Lord need not fear, for He will provide a safe shelter, a teivah, from the raging storm of tribulation, just as He provided the ark for Noah and his family.
The prophet Isaiah wrote,
“Come, My people, enter your chambers, and shut your doors behind you; Hide yourself, as it were, for a little moment, until the indignation is past.” (Isaiah 26:20)
May we emerge from the Ark of God’s shelter in the unity of faith to establish the new heavens and the new earth of peace and righteousness and justice under the rule of the Messiah, Yeshua.
“They will be My people, and I will be their God. I will give them singleness of heart and action, so that they will always fear Me and that all will then go well for them and for their children after them. I will make an everlasting covenant with them … I will rejoice in doing them good and will assuredly plant them in this land with all My heart and soul.” (Jeremiah 32:38–41)