Leviticus 9:1–11:47; 2 Samuel 6:1–7:17; Mark 9:1–13
This week’s Parasha study is Shemini (Shmini or Sh’mini), which means eighth.
“On the eighth [shemini] day Moses summoned Aaron and his sons and the elders of Israel.” (Leviticus 9:1)
Last week in Parasha Tzav, God instructed Moses to command Aaron and his sons how to prepare for their duties and rights as kohanim (priests).
For seven days, Aaron and his sons stayed at the Tent of Meeting as part of their ordination process. On the eighth day, Moses called for them to begin presenting the offerings (קָרְבֳּנוֹת, korbanot) to the Lord.
These offerings were given as a kind of “welcoming ceremony” to greet the arrival of God’s Shekhinah (Glory or Divine Presence):
“Then Moses said, ‘This is what the LORD has commanded you to do, so that the glory of the LORD may appear to you.’” (Leviticus 9:6)
It took a full seven days of preparation before they could begin this new and holy function as priests who serve Adonai in the Mishkan (Tabernacle), where the Glory of the Lord came to reside.
While the number seven represents completion (such as God’s creation of the universe), the number eight often represents new beginnings:
- On the seventh day, God rested and blessed it, declaring it as a set-apart, holy day of rest. On the eighth day, however, work resumed once more — only this time, human beings began stewardship of God’s creation by tending and caring for the Garden of Eden.
- The eighth day is, therefore, a type of anniversary of the Creation.
- Eight souls were saved during the Mabul HaGadol (Great Flood).
- The eighth day is considered a day of covenant (brit), for it is on this day that every Jewish male infant is to be brought into covenant with the Almighty God through the rite of circumcision (Brit Milah).
- David was the eighth son of Jesse and Israel’s first great king from whose lineage HaMashiach (the Messiah) would come.
- On the eighth day (first day of the week), Yeshua (Jesus) rose from the grave and became the bikkurim (firstfruits) of all those who will be resurrected on the last day.
Other occurrences of eight include the following:
- There were eight spices of incense. As well, the Cohen HaGadol (High Priest) had eight articles of clothing.
- Often the weeklong festivals of Passover and Sukkot (Tabernacles) are given an additional eighth day of celebration, such as Acharon shel Pesach (Final Day of Passover) and Shemini Atzeret (Eighth Day of Assembly) on Sukkot.
The Beginning of the Year
Coming into active service in the Mishkan on the eighth day was not the only indication of new beginnings in this Parasha.
The consecration of Aaron and his sons, as well as the desert Tabernacle, took place exactly one year after the Exodus from Egypt, in Nisan—the first month.
Nisan is the beginning of spring, when the rainy season comes to an end, the fruit trees begin to blossom, and the fields are carpeted in wildflowers.
The Hebrew word for spring is aviv. This word can be divided into two parts: av, which means father; and iv, which has a numerical representation of 12. Thus, aviv (spring) is seen as the father of the twelve months of the year.
Passover, which occurs in this first month of Nisan, is the symbolic “father” of the twelve tribes of Israel as a new nation. (Joe Bobker, Torah with a Twist of Humor, p. 231)
Therefore, the entire Hebrew calendar has a spiritual connection to the formation of the twelve Hebrew tribes, and the service of the priests represents a new beginning for all of Israel.
The Beginning of Wisdom
On the eighth day, the preparations for God’s glorious entry into the Mishkan (Tabernacle) were over, and Aaron and his sons began their priestly ministry. (Leviticus 9:1)
But something went terribly wrong!
Nadab and Abihu, Aaron’s two eldest sons perished in the blink of an eye — devoured by the consuming fire of God’s wrath. Why? The Torah says they offered “strange fire,” which God had not commanded.
“Aaron’s sons Nadab and Abihu took their censers, put fire in them and added incense; and they offered strange fire [zarah] before the LORD, contrary to His command. So fire came out from the presence of the LORD and consumed them, and they died before the LORD.” (Leviticus 10:1–2)
The Hebrew word zarah (זָרָה) carries the connotation of being foreign or another kind.
What was Aaron’s response to such a disturbing family tragedy?
Silence. (Leviticus 10:3)
There is a well-known saying that “silence is golden,” and Aaron’s response to this tragedy is perhaps an example of this. At a time of great grief, Aaron remained silent rather than speak out in angry accusation against God.
When we go through painful trials in life or when tragedy strikes unexpectedly — whether illness, accident or even death — one of the best initial strategies may be to keep our mouths closed until we have control over what we will say.
Solomon, in all of his wisdom, penned the verse: “Even a fool, when he keeps silent, is considered wise; when he closes his lips, he is considered prudent.” (Proverbs 17:28)
We see this truth with Job’s friends.
After witnessing his terrible situation, they just sat beside him in silence. It is probably the best thing because when they finally opened their mouths to speak, foolish accusations poured forth.
Although it is not clear the exact nature of Nadab and Abihu’s sin, God’s command soon after their death may suggest that they went into the Tent of Meeting in an inebriated state.
Just a few verses later, God tells Aaron, “You and your sons are not to drink wine or other fermented drink whenever you go into the Tent of Meeting, or you will die. This is a lasting ordinance for the generations to come.” (Leviticus 10:8–9)
Alcohol can dull one’s senses and prevent a person from distinguishing between right and wrong, clean and unclean — one of the specified functions of the priesthood.
Just as it is unwise to “drink and drive,” it can be equally dangerous in a spiritual sense to “drink and serve the Lord.”
In any event, it is evident that these sons of Aaron were careless in the face of God’s holiness.
The Fear of the Lord
Some think that God’s wrath for disregarding His holiness is limited to the Old Testament God of “law and justice.” They think that under the Brit Chadashah (New Testament), we are “under grace” and, therefore, immune to God’s judgment.
However, the account of Ananias and Sapphira reveals that this is a fallacy.
This New Covenant couple brought an offering to the apostles in Jerusalem, and lied to the Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) about how much money they received for the sale of their property.
“Now a man named Ananias, together with his wife Sapphira, also sold a piece of property. With his wife’s full knowledge he kept back part of the money for himself, but brought the rest and put it at the apostles’ feet.” (Acts 5:1–2)
For lying to God, both Ananias and Sapphira were struck dead (Acts 5:4–11).
Although God is merciful, patient, compassionate, and slow to anger, we must not take these qualities for granted, nor test the Lord our God by treating His holiness carelessly.
God is equally just and holy. For this reason He is called a “Consuming Fire” throughout the Tanakh (Old Testament) and Brit Chadashah (New Testament).
May we all walk in a healthy fear of the Lord, which will keep us on the narrow road that leads to life.
“The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom.” (Proverbs 9:10)